24 - Unusual Attitudes

In this exercise and lesson you will be taught to recognize a potentially hazardous flight attitude from instrument indications and recover before a hazardous attitude develops.


Planned Activities

• Exercises 24 Unusual Attitudes


Reference Material

• FTM 

• AIM AIR 3.0 

• Ground School and PGI Notes 



• Study the Abnormal and Emergency sections in the POH

• Review the POH (chapter 7 aircraft systems) to develop a better understanding of how or why a malfunction would occur or to understand how different systems affect the aircraft’s instrument indications. 

• Review human factors associated when flying with reference to instruments only (Hint: look in the AIM). 

• Be able to answer the following questions: 

1. Which instrument will indirectly tell you the pitch of the aircraft?

2. How do we recover from a nose-up unusual attitude? Nose down?

3. How can we prevent unusual attitudes from developing?

4. When do you think you are most likely to get into an unusual attitude?

• Write down your questions! 


Tips/Rules of Thumb/Theory 

• Radial scan starts from the attitude indicator and radiates like spokes of a wheel and is adjusted for information needed. 

• Don’t take your eyes off the attitude for longer than it takes to “briefly” look at two other instruments. 

• The easiest recovery from an unusual attitude is not to get into one!

• Regularly check that the aircraft is properly trimmed (momentarily let go of the controls and monitor for pitch changes). 

Unusual attitudes: You must rely on your instruments to determine problem and recovery procedure rather than your senses. 

• To recognize an unusual attitude the first cue is the trend on the airspeed indicator. Increasing airspeed = nose low attitude, decreasing airspeed = nose high attitude. Instruments you should reference are ASI, TB, ALT, and VSI. 

• Always recover to a stabilized level flight attitude or climb using prompt coordinated control movements applied in the proper sequence.

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