Exercise 22- Forced Landing

You will learn the procedure to flying an engine failure outside of the normal circuit pattern.

 

Planned Activities

 

    Exercise 22

 

Reference Material

 

    FTM (Flight Training Manual)

    Aircraft Information Manual/Pilot Operating Handbook (POH)

    VTA and VNC

    Emergency Checklist from aircraft

 

 

Preparation

 

·  Review procedures in the applicable sections of the POH and the emergency topics outlined in it.

 

·  Review the POH (Aircraft Systems) so you have a better understanding of how or why engine  failures have occurred.

 

·  Ensure you have memorized the boxed items on the red emergency checklist.

 

·  Review the FTM and PGI notes and understand the procedures on how to execute a forced approach.

 

·  Be able to answer the following questions:

1)    What is the best glide speed?

2)    What are some reasons why an engine failure could occur?

3)    Where can we find the glide distance for the aircraft while maintain best glide speed?

4)    What is the acronym used when selecting fields? (PGI notes)

5)    How can we find the ground elevation in the practice area using a VNC or VTA?

6)    What affects the glide distance of an aircraft?

7)    What items should be included in a passenger brief when executing a forced approach?

8)  If the flaps are not available and you find yourself too high on final, what can you do to steepen the approach?

9)  You should make an emergency call on the frequency currently in use or the emergency freq?

 

·  Write down your questions

·  Ensure you have all the appropriate maps/weight and balances completed for the briefing.

 

Tips/Rules  ofThumb/Theory

 

·       You can estimate the length of a field in the practice area by using the distance between two concession roads (5000ft or 1 mile)

 

·       When selecting a field, use one lighter in colour. (Dark fields in the summer are usually corn or tall vegetation)

 

·       Since you will transmit a MAYDAY call, do it at high altitude so more people can hear you.

 

·       Warm the engine every 500ft when doing a simulated forced approach. Why?

 

·       If you get to your key point higher than normal, slip, add flaps or extend the pattern. If you get lower, turn in right away.

 

·       Make sure the aircraft is trimmed for best glide so you can focus on other things.

 

·       **MOST IMPORTANT** is plan your approach so you can identify whether you are meeting your goals. Without goals, you will fly aimlessly into the ground.

 

·       Make Command decisions in a calm but firm manner.

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